U-turn over Budget plan to increase National Insurance

15 March 2017


Plans to increase Class 4 National Insurance contribution levels for self-employed people have been dropped.


In the Budget statement on 8 March the Chancellor said a fair tax system should ensure that, “people doing similar work for similar wages and enjoying similar state benefits pay similar levels of tax”.

He highlighted the gap between the amount of NICs paid by employees and the self-employed, which was set to widen due to the previous Chancellor’s abolition of Class 2 NICs for the self-employed from April 2018. The self-employed also gained access to the same State Pension as employees in April 2016.

To address this difference, the Chancellor announced increases in Class 4 NICs. From April 2018 when the Class 2 weekly rate is abolished, the main Class 4 rate was to increase from 9% to 10% of profits between the lower and upper profits limits. And from April 2019, the main Class 4 rate was to increase by a further 1%, to 11% of profits.


However, post Budget, Mr Hammond faced a backlash by Conservative backbenchers, who accused him of breaking a general election manifesto commitment not to put up National Insurance, income tax or VAT.


According to a BBC report, the Chancellor’s letter explaining his change of heart, said:

"It is very important both to me and to the prime minister that we are compliant not just with the letter, but also the spirit of the commitments that were made.

In the light of what has emerged as a clear view among colleagues and a significant section of the public, I have decided not to proceed with the Class 4 NIC measure set out in the Budget."